How Cataracts Develops and How to Avoid Them

July 17, 2019 8:17 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

Cataracts are an eye condition that’s diagnosed mostly in older adults over the age of 60. If you are in this age range and begin experiencing blurry or cloudy vision, get to your eye doctor for an evaluation and treatment, if necessary.

First things first, you need to get familiar with cataracts to avoid confusion in the doctor’s office. Below, professionals in the field of eye care in Lancaster, OH share how cataracts develop, and what you can do to lower your chances of getting them.

Causes and types of cataracts

The blurry or cloudy vision associated with cataracts develops when protein builds up in the lens of the eye. This blocks light from passing through normally, and it can cause loss of eyesight. Here are the different types of cataracts:

  • Age-related: Cataracts can form as you get older. Most people notice the changes associated with cataracts around age 60 and over.
  • Congenital: This is the term used when babies are born with cataracts, or when they form in childhood. They are commonly caused by injury, infection or weak development in the womb.
  • Traumatic: This is when cataracts form after the eye has sustained an injury.
  • Secondary: This can be the result of another medical condition, like diabetes, exposure to toxic substances, radiation or ultraviolet light, or taking certain medications like a diuretics or corticosteroid.
  • Lifestyle: Smoking and heavy drinking are other things that can increase your risk.

Prevention tips

Cataracts are a leading cause of blindness among people living in the United States. There’s nothing you can do to totally prevent them, but there are some lifestyle changes you can make that might lower your risk:

  • Eat right: If cataracts run in your family, changing your diet might give you a fighting chance against developing them. Start eating foods high in antioxidants like vitamins C and E. The vitamin C list includes citrus fruits, red and green peppers, tomatoes, broccoli, potatoes, strawberries, kiwi and more. The vitamin E list includes vegetable oils like safflower and sunflower, whole nuts (almonds and peanuts), green vegetables and healthy foods fortified with vitamin E.
  • Wear sunglasses: Quality sunglasses can lower your risk of getting cataracts, because the lenses block harmful ultraviolet light from reaching your eyes. UV light can damage the proteins in your eye lens.
  • Quit tobacco and watch alcohol consumption: It’s widely known that smoking is bad for your lungs and heart, but it’s also bad for your eyes. Smoking contributes to the creation of more free radicals in your eyes. These chemicals harm cells, and while antioxidants from fruits and vegetables can fight them, giving up smoking is the best approach. Drinking too much alcohol is another risk factor for cataracts. While one drink per day may be fine, indulging in more than that raises your odds.
  • Regular eye exams: Eye doctors recommend that people with known vision issues and those between 40 and 64 get a complete eye exam every two to four years. Those over 65 should schedule an exam every one to two years.

Visit Price Family Eye Care Professionals LLC to receive the best eye care in Lancaster, OH!

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